Measures of Mental Health Recovery
- The Stages of Recovery Instrument (STORI)
- Translations of the STORI
- Shorter Measures
- Self-Identified Stage of Recovery (SISR)
- Short Interview to Assess Stages of Recovery (SIST-R)
- Links to publications
A number of measures of psychological recovery have been developed based on the stage model of psychological recovery . These tools are designed to measure constructs that are more meaningful to consumers than conventional outcome measures. They were developed in response to consumer criticisms of traditional clinical measures, which tend to focus on illness and disability. In contrast, our measures have a positive psychology focus and target psychological recovery and personal growth.
The Stages of Recovery Instrument (STORI), the STORI-30, and the self-identified stage of recovery (SISR) are self-report measures for assessing stage of recovery from mental illness. The SIST-R is an interview-based assessment developed to overcome the difficulties that some people may have in completing self-report measures. Below you will find descriptions of the STORI, STORI-30, SISR and the SIST-R, and links to related journal articles.
The STORI is available in English, French, Spanish, Greek, Persian and Italian versions. The SISR is available in English and Japanese. You may download the STORI, STORI-30 or the SISR for use in research or in the clinic. There is no charge for these measures, but we do request that you make the usual proper acknowledgement.
Please read the section on the stage model of psychological recovery before using the measures.
We recommend that users of any of the measures on these pages refer to our book, which elaborates on the processes of recovery using the words of consumers to bring to life the theory supporting the model.
Andresen, R., Oades, L.G., & Caputi, P. (2011). Psychological Recovery: Beyond Mental Illness. UK:Wiley-Blackwell.
The STORI consists of fifty items, rated on a scale from 0 to 5. Items are presented in 10 groups of five: the five items within each group represent the five stages of recovery. Therefore, overall there are 10 items representing each stage, and these are used to create five stage subscale scores. The highest subscale score indicates the stage of recovery that the person is experiencing.
The development of the STORI has been published in the following article:
- Andresen, R., Caputi, P., & Oades, L. (2006). The Stages of Recovery Instrument: Development of a measure of recovery from serious mental illness. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 972-980,
You may download this article from the ANZJP website.
A validation study of the STORI has been conducted in the UK:
- Weeks G, Slade M, Hayward M. (2011). A UK validation of the Stages of Recovery Instrument, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 57(5), 446–454. DOI: 10.1177/0020764010365414
This article may be downloaded from the International Journal of Social Psychiatry website.
Download the STORI
The STORI is also available in Chinese, Italian, French, Greek, Spanish and Persian.
We welcome translations into other languages, with the condition that you contact us first to ensure that the correct protocol for translations is followed. If you would like to translate the STORI into another language, please email Dr Retta Andresen at iiMH@uow.edu.au.
For enquiries in Chinese, please contact
Jing-Jung Yang, MD
Bali Psychiatric Center,
Ministry of Health and Welfare,
Executive Yuan, R.O.C(Taiwan)
Chinese STORI Working Group: Jing-Jung Yang * Ding-Lieh Liao* Yung-Chun Hsieh* Fu-Chau Chung*
* Bali Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Executive Yuan, R.O.C (Taiwan)
For enquiries in French, please contact:
Jérôme Favrod, RN, CNS
Community Psychiatry Service
Department of Psychiatry - Lausanne
For enquiries in Greek, please contact:
Καπετάν Βάρδα 26
117 44, Νέος Κόσμος
Kapetan Varda 26
117 44, Neos Kosmos
Athens - Greece
Tel-fax: (+30) 2109016677
The STORI has been translated into Persian.
Neda Habibi Arejan .MD
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Roya Habibi Arejan .MD
State Welfare Organization Of Iran
The Spanish STORI has recently been revised. The updated version is now available to download with scoring guidelines.
For enquiries in Spanish, please contact:
Professor Serafin Lemos Giraldez
Lecturer of the University of Oviedo, Spain
For enquiries in Italian, please contact
Italian STORI Working Group:
Giorgio De Isabella**
Federico Ferrari**, Isabella Cardani*
Francesca Colombi**, Stefania Cristinelli**
* Mental Health Department, Azienda Ospedaliera ‘Ospedale S. Anna’, Como, Italy
** Clinical Psychology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera ‘Ospedale San Carlo Borromeo’, Milano, Italy
The STORI-30 is a 30-item version of the STORI. It is hoped that the shorter measure will present less of a burden to mental health clients, practitioners and researchers. The STORI-30 consists of 30 items of the original STORI.
The following article describes the development of the STORI-30 and some preliminary psychometric testing:
- Andresen, R., Caputi., P & Oades, L. (2013). Development of a short measure of psychological recovery in serious mental illness: the STORI-30. Australasian Psychiatry, DOI: 10.1177/1039856213476352.
You may download the article Development of a short measure of psychological recovery in serious mental illness: the STORI-30.
The SISR is a brief self-rated assessment of stage of recovery, consisting of two parts. Part A is a forced-choice item consisting of five statements reflecting the five stages of the model. Respondents select the statement that best reflects their current experience. Part B consists of four statements reflecting the four processes of recovery, rated on a six-point scale.
The following article describes research using the SISR:
- Andresen, R., Caputi, P. and Oades, L. (2010). Do clinical outcome measures assess consumer-defined recovery? Psychiatry Research, 177(3), 309-317.
You may download this article from the Psychiatry Research website.
Download the SISR
The SISR is available in English, Japanese and Persian. Download the SISR in your preferred language.
Translations of the SISR
We welcome translations into other languages, with the condition that you contact us first to ensure that you follow the correct protocol for translations. If you would like to translate the SISR into another language, please email Dr Retta Andresen at iiMH@uow.edu.au.
A Japanese version of the SISR is available. The following article describes the development and testing of this instrument in Japan:
Chiba R, Kawakami N, Miyamoto Y, Andresen R. Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Self-Identified Stage of Recovery (SISR) for people with long term mental illness. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 2010; 19(3):195-202.
You may download this article from the Wiley Online Library website.
For enquires in Japanese regarding the SISR, please contact:
Rie Chiba, MS, RN, PHN
Department of Psychiatric Nursing
Graduate School of Medicine
The University of Tokyo
Persian Version of the SISR
For enquiries in Persian regarding the SISR, please contact:
Neda Habibi Arejan .MD
Roya Habibi Arejan .MD
State Welfare Organization Of Iran
This is a structured interview to assess stage of psychological recovery from mental illness. This measure has undergone preliminary testing. The following article describes the development and testing of the SIST-R:
- Wolstencroft, K., Oades, L., Caputi, P. and Andresen, R. (2010). Development of a Structured Interview Schedule to assess Stage of Psychological Recovery from Enduring Mental Illness. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 14, 182-189.
You may download this article from the International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice website.
For enquiries regarding the SIST-R, please contact Keren Wolstencroft at email@example.com
- The stages of recovery instrument [link to publisher's website]
- The experience of recovery from schizophrenia (Psychological Recovery) [link to publisher's website]
- STORI – UK validation
- Research using SISR [link to publisher's website]
- Psychometric testing of the Japanese SISR [link to publisher’s website]
- Development of the SIST-R [link to publisher's website]
- The STORI-30 [link to publisher's website]
- Psychological Recovery: Beyond Mental Illness [book]
Questions or feedback?
If you would like any more information about the stage model of recovery, or recovery measurement or if have any feedback on this website, you are welcome to contact us at: iiMH@uow.edu.au